Author / Contributor
image for Karin Ellison image for Karin Ellison
Karin Ellison Associate Director, Center for Biology and Society Arizona State University More Posts
Parent Resource8
Physical Scientists, the Union of Concerned Scientists, and Pugwash
Secondary Title Research, Ethics, and Society

Added01/01/2013

Updated08/05/2016

Author(s) Karin Ellison Karen Wellner
Show More Show Less
Contributor(s) Karin Ellison
Format Text
Share with EEL Yes
Funder NSF
Rights For more information on permissions to use this material please see: http://onlineethics.org/permissions.aspx
Year 2013
  • Added01/25/2018

    Certain research areas are controversial insofar as they raise special ethical concern; one such area is that of research for military or defense purposes – with an offensive or defensive military or security goal. In addition, ethical issues arise for research that may be practiced or ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/24/2018

    Social justice has been studied by philosophers, social scientists, and historians. The idea has also formed the basis for and underlies many social and political movements. As social movements for human rights and environmental justice indicate, the term can be a rallying cry for ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/24/2018

    Many options have been explored for alleviating global warming, including replacement of fossil fuels by renewable energy sources and/or nuclear power, and removal of carbon dioxide and/or direct intervention in climate (geoengineering). When limited to the context of climate change, ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/24/2018

    The Greek philosopher Aristotle used the word “energy” to indicate the ability to act to reach a goal, whereas the modern view of energy indicates the capability to undertake work. In science and engineering disciplines today, energy has precise technical meanings. Today also, ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/24/2018

    Climate in a geographical area is its typical or average weather. Climate change therefore would be a change in that typical or average weather that endures over time. Usually in conversation today, climate change refers to the global phenomenon of a long term warming trend in temperatures; ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/23/2018

    A straightforward definition of “big data” appears towards the top of a Google search (June 29, 2016) as “extremely large data sets that may be analyzed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations, especially relating to human behavior and ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/23/2018

    ‘Governance’ refers to the process of governing and it encompasses the term ‘government.’ Government denotes the state and its institutions. In contrast, ‘governance’ refers to those entities as well as the formulation of rules and organization of social ...

    Author(s) Zahra Meghani Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/19/2018

    Scientific experiments and measurements are transformed into research data. The term “research data” applies to many different forms of scientific information, including raw numbers and field notes, machine tapes and notebooks, edited and categorized observations, interpretations and ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
Cite this page: "Physical Scientists, the Union of Concerned Scientists, and Pugwash" Online Ethics Center for Engineering 1/1/2013 OEC Accessed: Saturday, August 10, 2019 <www.onlineethics.org/Resources/Research_Ethics_and_Society/27992/Pugwash.aspx>