Research and Practice

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Use this search box to find case studies, teaching materials, and published articles in the Ethics Education Library.


Sometimes referred to as micro ethics, these topics concern the interactions and individual actions of scientists and engineers in their research and practice, and cover responsible conduct of research.

Research and Practice
  • Animal Use 49
  • Bias in Research 17
  • Collaboration 122
    • Interdisciplinary Research 7
    • International Collaboration 6
  • Community and Participatory Research 31
  • Confidentiality 69
  • Conflict of Interest 89
  • Data Management 103
  • Diversity 35
    • Discrimination in the Workplace 10
    • Diversity in Research Design and Practice 8
  • Expert Witness 7
  • Grant Management 14
  • Human Subjects Research 127
    • Informed Consent 52
    • Institutional Review Boards 20
    • Vulnerable Populations 34
  • Intellectual Property and Patents 50
    • Industrial Espionage 1
    • Trade Secrets 2
  • Mentors and Trainees 131
  • Organizational Climate 27
  • Publication Ethics 126
    • Authorship 87
    • Peer Review 22
  • Reproducibility 15
  • Research Misconduct 58
    • Fabrication 11
    • Falsification 10
    • Handling Misconduct Allegations 13
    • Plagiarism 18
  • Safety 150
    • Lab and Workplace Safety 34
    • Product Liability 17
    • Public Health and Safety 77
  • Whistleblowing 30
  • Workplace Ethics 126
    • Bidding Process 11
    • Bribery and Extortion 13
    • Community Relations 10
    • Employer/Employee Relationships 57
    • Engineer/Client Relationships 48
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  • Broadening the Applicability of Clinical Research



    In the field of clinical cardiology research, participants have mainly consisted of white males, ages 20 to 50 years. Years of cardiovascular research that excluded women reinforced the belief that coronary heart disease was a “man’s” disease and development of medical treatments more effective for men than women. How can researchers advocate for change in a complex science and technology network when they are in the network themselves? A part of the Research, Ethics, and Society project, this case can be used to address gender bias in science and the social responsibilities of researchers, particularly those concerning understanding knowledge and technological systems as an important tool for acting on social responsibilities.

    Author(s) Karin Ellison Karen Wellner
    Contributor(s) Karin Ellison
    Year 2013
  • Added01/25/2018

    Diversity is the quality or state of having different forms, elements, or characteristics. Diversity may be found in a population or a state of affairs. Two types of diversity issues arise in discussions of science and technology policy. One has to do with design in research and ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added03/08/2016


    From: Graduate Research Ethics: Cases and Commentaries - Volume 7 , 2006,
    Edited by Brian Schrag

    Researchers have established that gay men experience psychological problems such as anxiety and depression to a greater degree than their heterosexual counterparts.  Additionally, it has ...

    Contributor(s) Brian Schrag
    Authoring Institution Association for Practical and Professional Ethics (APPE)
    Year 2006
  • Added09/11/2006


    vulnerable populations, responsible conduct of research, research ethics, inclusion, exclusion, research subjects, participants in research, risks, research risks,

    Researchers propose to exclude women from the protocol on the basis of the claim that the research poses risk to reproductive systems.

    Author(s) Atwood D. Gaines
    Contributor(s) Caroline Whitbeck
    Year 2000
  • Added03/30/2006


    research conduct, research subjects, informed consent, human subjects

    This case discusses the social consequences of scholarly research and the responsibilities of researchers to various communities with which they interact, researchers' responsibilities in experimental design and implementation of research on politically charged issues and their responsibility to the scientific community and the public at large.

    Contributor(s) Brian Schrag
    Authoring Institution Association for Practical and Professional Ethics (APPE)
    Year 1999
  • Added09/11/2006


    responsible conduct of research, research integrity, responsible research conduct, research ethics, human biological materials, consent, genetics, gene research, genes and ethnic groups, susceptibility to disease, ethnic groups,

    A scenario meant to stimulate discussion about the ethical issues that arise in genetic research and ethnic group susceptibility.

    Author(s) Thomas H. Murray
    Contributor(s) Caroline Whitbeck
    Year 2000
Cite this page: "Research and Practice" Online Ethics Center for Engineering 9/18/2015 OEC Accessed: Tuesday, June 11, 2019 <>