Rights are claims that have some justification behind them. A moral right is a morally justified claim. A legal right is a legally justified claim. When one uses the term "right" without specifying the nature of the justification, one usually means a moral right.
Rights specify acts that are permitted, forbidden, or required. If they specify acts that the rights-holder may perform (such as vote, or drive a car), they are often called licenses. If they specify acts that others may not perform (as the right to life obliges others to refrain from killing the rights holder), they are called liberties or (in law) negative rights. If they specify what the rights-holder should receive, the law commonly calls them positive rights, although philosophers such as Philippa Foot call them "claim right".
Other major types of classifications of rights are:
See also COPYRIGHT and PROPIETARY /PROPERTY RIGHTS.
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