Research and Practice

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Sometimes referred to as micro ethics, these topics concern the interactions and individual actions of scientists and engineers in their research and practice, and cover responsible conduct of research.

Research and Practice
  • Animal Use 49
  • Bias in Research 16
  • Collaboration 118
    • Interdisciplinary Research 4
    • International Collaboration 6
  • Community and Participatory Research 27
  • Confidentiality 67
  • Conflict of Interest 87
  • Data Management 100
  • Diversity 34
    • Discrimination in the Workplace 9
    • Diversity in Research Design and Practice 8
  • Expert Witness 7
  • Grant Management 14
  • Human Subjects Research 127
    • Informed Consent 52
    • Institutional Review Boards 20
    • Vulnerable Populations 34
  • Intellectual Property and Patents 49
    • Industrial Espionage 1
    • Trade Secrets 2
  • Mentors and Trainees 130
  • Organizational Climate 25
  • Publication Ethics 125
    • Authorship 86
    • Peer Review 22
  • Reproducibility 15
  • Research Misconduct 57
    • Fabrication 10
    • Falsification 9
    • Handling Misconduct Allegations 12
    • Plagiarism 18
  • Safety 146
    • Lab and Workplace Safety 32
    • Product Liability 16
    • Public Health and Safety 74
  • Whistleblowing 29
  • Workplace Ethics 124
    • Bidding Process 11
    • Bribery and Extortion 13
    • Community Relations 10
    • Employer/Employee Relationships 56
    • Engineer/Client Relationships 48
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  • Dark Clouds, Nanosilver Linings

    Added03/29/2018

    Dark Clouds, Nanosilver Linings Video

    A work of realistic fiction, this video follows an intrepid TV reporter interviewing a series of societal stakeholders about the prospect of an emerging nanotechnology company (specifically, involving nanosilver food packaging) locating in their ...

    Author(s) Kathleen Eggleson
    Year 2018
  • Added01/26/2018

    Whistleblowing is the act of raising a concern (such as one about safety, financial fraud, or mistreatment of research animals) about the organization in which a problem or suspected problem is occurring. Traditionally those called whistleblowers have or have had affiliations with the ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/26/2018

    Safety involves freedom from danger. The term safety is often used loosely and without particular specification. A home may be thought of as safe for some residents and not others. Similarly, a workplace or other organizational setting may be safe for some employees, etc., and not others. A ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/25/2018

    Diversity is the quality or state of having different forms, elements, or characteristics. Diversity may be found in a population or a state of affairs. Two types of diversity issues arise in discussions of science and technology policy. One has to do with design in research and ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/23/2018

    Reproducibility is the ability of an entire analysis of an experiment or study to be duplicated, either by the same researcher or by someone else working independently. Reproducibility is a core principle of scientific progress. Scientific claims should not gain credence because of the status or ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/22/2018

    Organizational culture refers to the system of shared assumptions, values, and beliefs that govern how people behave in a specific organization. Organizational ethical climate is the shared perceptions and attitudes of how individuals perceive the quality of the environments in which they ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/19/2018

    Mentoring relationships are personal and reciprocal relationships where a more seasoned professional acts as a guide, role model, teacher, and sponsor of a less experienced student or junior professional. A mentor provides the mentee with knowledge, advice, council, challenge and support in the ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/19/2018

    Intellectual property refers to creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic work s , designs; and symbols, names and images used in commerce. Intellectual property rights act like other property rights in that they allow creators and owners of patents, trademarks or ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/19/2018

    Experts in science and engineering are sometimes called upon in legal trials, either as testifying witnesses or as non-testifying consultants. The roles that experts can take can vary from providing a fact-finder with basic information or in explaining highly technical subjects in a manner ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/19/2018

    Scientific experiments and measurements are transformed into research data. The term “research data” applies to many different forms of scientific information, including raw numbers and field notes, machine tapes and notebooks, edited and categorized observations, interpretations and ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/19/2018

    That which is done or communicated in trust is confidential. Confidential information is information entrusted to another. The implication is that, for some reason, such as personal privacy or competitive advantage, the person entrusting this information does not wish others to know. Thus ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • An Algorithm Discriminates

    Added11/28/2017

    software, discrimination, computer science

    A software developer designs a software that screens the résumés of candidates applying for a job at her company. She later discovers that the software may be having a disparate impact on minority communities. She brings the issue up with her boss, who is reluctant to change the software.

    Author(s) Jason Ludwig Kendall Darfler
    Year 2017
  • Sensitive Health Data and Privacy

    Added11/28/2017

    privacy, corporate responsibility, data security

    A tech company contracts Luminia, a healthcare information firm, to design an employee wellness program. The President of Luminia recommends that the company implement a secure messaging platform to protect employee’s private health information (PHI). The company’s vice president, however, thinks that the platform is too expensive and that the extra protection is unnecessary.

    Author(s) Jason Ludwig Dalton George
    Year 2017
Cite this page: "Research and Practice" Online Ethics Center for Engineering 9/18/2015 OEC Accessed: Wednesday, April 25, 2018 <www.onlineethics.org/Topics/29511.aspx>