Ethics and Society

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Sometimes referred to as macro ethics, these are broad ethical and social issues in engineering and science that call for the collective social responsibility of the science and engineering professions and societal decisions about research, practice, and technology.

Ethics and Society
  • Catastrophes, Hazards, Disasters 31
  • Communicating Science & Engineering 67
  • Corruption 8
  • Cultural Awareness & Sensitivity 37
  • Emerging technologies 51
  • Environmental Justice 39
  • Governance 38
  • Human Rights 43
  • Law and Public Policy 45
  • Privacy and Surveillance 52
  • Public and Community Engagement 41
  • Public Well-being 99
  • Responsible Innovation 52
  • Risk 72
  • Security 38
    • Biosafety/Biosecurity 7
    • Dual Use 7
  • Social and Political Conflict 20
  • Social Justice 45
  • Social Responsibility 107
    • Corporate Social Responsibility 10
  • Sustainability 80
    • Economic 2
    • Environmental 33
    • Social 12
    • Sustainable Development 15
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  • Dark Clouds, Nanosilver Linings

    Added03/29/2018

    Dark Clouds, Nanosilver Linings Video

    A work of realistic fiction, this video follows an intrepid TV reporter interviewing a series of societal stakeholders about the prospect of an emerging nanotechnology company (specifically, involving nanosilver food packaging) locating in their ...

    Author(s) Kathleen Eggleson
    Year 2018
  • Added01/26/2018

    Innovations — new ideas, methods, or products — in science and technology have resulted in increased knowledge and tangible improvements in human and environmental health; however, new technologies have also produced an array of unintended and undesirable consequences. Emerging ...

    Author(s) Jessica Cavin Barnes
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/25/2018

    Public well-being can be thought to consist of outcomes that promote well-being or benefits for society at large. To better delineate this notion, a useful starting point is the video on the OEC titled “ New Tools for Science Policy – Public Value Mapping .” This video ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/25/2018

    Diversity is the quality or state of having different forms, elements, or characteristics. Diversity may be found in a population or a state of affairs. Two types of diversity issues arise in discussions of science and technology policy. One has to do with design in research and ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/24/2018

    Social justice has been studied by philosophers, social scientists, and historians. The idea has also formed the basis for and underlies many social and political movements. As social movements for human rights and environmental justice indicate, the term can be a rallying cry for ...

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2016
  • Added01/23/2018

    ‘Governance’ refers to the process of governing and it encompasses the term ‘government.’ Government denotes the state and its institutions. In contrast, ‘governance’ refers to those entities as well as the formulation of rules and organization of social ...

    Author(s) Zahra Meghani Rachelle Hollander
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/22/2018

    It is common to distinguish four species of privacy: physical, informational, decisional, and psychological/mental privacy. In addition, philosopher and legal theorist Anita Allen (2003) distinguishes dispositional privacy. Physical privacy is a restriction on the ability of others to experience a ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/19/2018

    Technology shapes every aspect of human experience, including our social and ecological world and in turn our social and ecological world helps shape technology. Technologies are often developed as a tool to accomplish a specific goal, like engineering crops to increase food productivity. In turn, ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Added01/19/2018

    That which is done or communicated in trust is confidential. Confidential information is information entrusted to another. The implication is that, for some reason, such as personal privacy or competitive advantage, the person entrusting this information does not wish others to know. Thus ...

    Author(s) Kelly Laas
    Authoring Institution Online Ethics Center
    Year 2017
  • Research Ethics and the Norwegian Oil Industry

    Added01/05/2018

    In 2014, researchers and students at University of Bergen questioned the university's research cooperation with the nation’s oil industry, Statoil. The rector asked the Norwegian National Committee for Research Ethics in Science and Technology (NENT) for advice, which it provided in a public report.

    Author(s) Rachelle Hollander
    Year 2017
  • Sensitive Health Data and Privacy

    Added11/28/2017

    privacy, corporate responsibility, data security

    A tech company contracts Luminia, a healthcare information firm, to design an employee wellness program. The President of Luminia recommends that the company implement a secure messaging platform to protect employee’s private health information (PHI). The company’s vice president, however, thinks that the platform is too expensive and that the extra protection is unnecessary.

    Author(s) Jason Ludwig Dalton George
    Year 2017
  • Taking a Product to Market

    Added11/28/2017

    software engineering, sales, corporate responsibility, computer science

    A software engineer has concerns about a recommender system his firm is designing to sell to health and life insurance companies. In a meeting with the sales team leader, he brings up these concerns and argues for extending their development timelines to address them. The sales manager, however, wants to hit the market with their product as soon as possible.

    Author(s) Dalton George Jason Ludwig
    Year 2017
  • Biodiversity Case Study 2: Conservation in the Amazon

    Added06/28/2017

    In this case, Armando, a Brazilian Federal Senator with a BS and MS in Biology, must confront ethical dilemmas concerning the Amazon forest. Topics for consideration include: 1) the biodiversity and ecosystem services associated with the forest, 2) the social and economic issues surrounding deforestation, and the 3) options available to Armando as he makes his recommendation on how to use the US funds. Finally, we will explore the role of Maria as a science advisor and address her responsibilities, as well as her mistake in addressing the press.

    Author(s) Michelle Sullivan
    Contributor(s) Michelle Sullivan Karin Ellison Joseph R. Herkert
    Year 2016
Cite this page: "Ethics and Society" Online Ethics Center for Engineering 9/18/2015 OEC Accessed: Wednesday, April 25, 2018 <www.onlineethics.org/Topics/29509.aspx>