MARK S. FRANKEL, PhD, has been director of the Scientific Freedom, Responsibility and Law Program at AAAS since 1990. He develops and manages AAAS's activities related to professional ethics, science and society, and science and law. At AAAS he has directed projects on research integrity and scientific misconduct; human enhancement; the ethical and legal implications of genetic testing; an examination of errors in health care organizations; the ethical, religious and policy implications of human stem cell research; and the implications of advances in neuroscience research for the legal system, among others. Dr. Frankel is a former member of the Board of Directors of the National Patient Safety Foundation and currently serves on the Board of the Food and Drug Law Institute. He is on the editorial boards of Science and Engineering Ethics, Ethics & Behavior, Professional Ethics, and the Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics. He is editor of AAAS's quarterly publication, Professional Ethics Report, and a Fellow of AAAS.