Robert J. Muscat is an economist specializing in problems of conflict in developing countries. He was formerly Chief Economist of the US Agency for International Development and has consulted for the World Bank and UN agencies. He has authored books and articles on Thailand, development aid and conflict, aid effectiveness, malnutrition, population, and other subjects. He received his PhD in economics from Columbia University. He is currently an independent scholar, living in Sarasota, FL Dr. Muscat is a board member of Global Peace Services.